It is well documented that if you are an African-American you may not get the best quality of care, whether in an emergency room or elsewhere.

Some of it is unconscious bias, ideas people have in their head that just because you are a darker fella you are incapable of understanding information or that you don’t want to do better. Just like there has been very good documentation that when a black person walks into a bank they won’t get the same kind of service, the same thing goes on in healthcare.

For a long time black doctors could not practice in the same hospital as white doctors. The reason we have two organizations, the American Medical Association and the National Medical Association (NMA), is because a hundred years ago the AMA would not allow black physicians to be a part of it. We had to create our own organization.

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